The working day as we know it, in general lasting eight hours between 7am and 7pm and covering five days of the week, dates back 100 years. It has its origins in the industrial revolution, where industrial production in large factories transformed working life. At first the working day would range from 10-16 hours; the work week was six days and the use of child labour was common. A shorter working day as well as improved working conditions was raised by the International Workingmen’s Association at the Congress in Geneva in 1866, but the working week as we know it was not adopted in most countries until shortly after the first world war. There remain exceptions in developing countries and it depends on the type of work, but this structure has held for the majority of the global workforce since.
Bien que les GAFA (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon) n’émettent pas de véritable fumée, il serait erroné de croire qu’ils n’ont aucun impact environnemental. Chaque recherche, chaque clic, courriel ou chaque vidéo visionnée en streaming consomme une importante quantité d’énergie.